Presentation given at the annual REVES conference on the “Socio-economic Correlates of Life Expected in Degrees of Frailty“.
The objective of this paper is to examine transitions in frailty and compute life expected across degrees of frailty by socio-demographic characteristics commonly found to distinguish healthy aging. Frailty, defined as the extent to which multidimensional physiological systems are in decline, is an indicator of vulnerability to adverse health outcomes and subsequently predicts healthy aging. Differences in frailty exist by age and sex and a modest literature suggests disparities across social determinants. While estimates of life lived in degrees of frailty by demographic and social characteristics can provide information about quality of life for distinct population subgroups, there are very few such studies and virtually none that consider a sample generalizable to the U.S. This paper addresses this gap.