Pain is a major population-health problem, especially among older adults. A large proportion of older persons report suffering from chronic pain. According to the Institute of Medicine, the number is greater than those affected by heart disease, cancer, and diabetes combined. The economic burden of pain is enormous, and pain is unmistakably a determinant of quality of life for individuals. Research has indicated that pain is the single most highly reported health problem among older adults and one of the most commons reason for health care utilization. Beyond examining the demographic composition of pain, this stream investigates population trends in prevalence, links between pain and disability, individual pain trajectories, life expectancies with and without pain, and other aspects of pain that can be best examined through demographic methods
Zachary Zimmer and Sara Rubin. Life expectancy with and without pain in the U.S. elderly Population. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. 71(9): 1171-1176.
Sara Rubin and Zachary Zimmer. Pain and self-assessed health: Does the association vary by age? Social Science and Medicine. 130(April): 259-267.