Complete list of Dr. Zimmer’s published work available in MyBibliography or on Google Scholar.

Other presentations related to the Linking Spirituality and Religiosity to Life and Health Expectancy project can be found on its Publications page. 

Select Publications

Recently published:

Persistent, Consistent, and Extensive: The Trend of Increasing Pain Prevalence in Older Americans, Zachary Zimmer and  Anna Zajacova, The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Volume 75, Issue 2, February 2020, Pages 436–447,

Protocol for the Vietnam Health and Aging Study is now published:

Design and measurement in a study of war exposure, health, and aging: protocol for the Vietnam health and aging study, by Kim Korinek, Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, Zachary Zimmer, Eleanor Brindle, Thi Kim Chuc Nguyen, Huu Minh Nguyen & Khanh Toan Tran was published on October 23, 2019 in the BMC Public Health, 19, Article number: 1351 (2019).

Penboon B, Jampaklay A, Vapattanawong P and Zimmer Z. 2019. Migration and absent fathers: Impacts on the mental health of left-behind family members in Thailand. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal. First published September 22, 2019. doi: 10.1177/0117196819876361

Van Natta M and Zimmer Z. 2019. What’s in a word? Language and self-assessed health in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. International Journal of Population Studies. 5(1): 1-12. doi: 10.18063/ijps.v5i1.1015

Chen F, Lin Z, Bao L, Zimmer Z, Gultiano S and Borja J.  2019. Time use profiles, chronic overload, and women’s body weight trajectories from middle to later life in the Philippines.  Journal of Health and Social Behavior.  60(1): 119-136. doi: 10.1177/0022146519827612

Zimmer Z and Van Natta M. 2018. Migration and left-behind parents and children of migrants in Cambodia: a look at household composition and the economic situation. Asian Population Studies. 14(30): 271-289. doi: 10.1080/17441730.2018.1513111

Zimmer Z and Zajacova A. 2018. Persistent, consistent and extensive: The trend of increasing pain prevalence in older Americans. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. Advance Access publication March 20, 2018. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbx162  Click here for supplementary information.

Chen F, Bao L, Lin Z, Zimmer Z, Gultiano S and Borja J. 2017. Double burden for women in mid- and later life: Evidence from time-use profiles in Cebu, the Philippines. Ageing and Society,1-31. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X17000599

Zimmer Z, Bao L, Mayol NL, Chen F, Perez TLL and Duazo PL. 2017. Functional limitation trajectories and their determinants among women in the Philippines. Demographic Research. 36(30): 863-892. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.30

Martin LG, Zimmer Z and Lee J.  2017.  Foundations of activity of daily living trajectories of older Americans.  Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 72(1): 129-139.  doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbv074.

Zimmer Z, Hanson HA and Smith KR. 2016. Offspring Socioeconomic Status and Parent Mortality Within a Historical Population. Demography. 53: 1583-1603. doi: 10.1007/s13524-016-0502-x.

Zimmer Z and Rubin S.  2016. Life expectancy with and without pain in the U.S. elderly Population.  Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences.  doi: 10.1093/Gerona/glw028.

Zimmer Z, Hanson HA and Smith KR.  2016.  Childhood socioeconomic status, adult socioeconomic status, and old-age health trajectories: Connecting early, middle, and late life.  Demographic Research.  34(10): 285-320. (Winner of Editor’s Choice Award for Volume 34).  Available online at Volumes/Vol34/10/.  doi: 10:4054/DemRes.2016.34.10.

Zimmer Z, Hidajat M and Saito Y.  2015.  Changes in total and disability-free life expectancy among older adults in China: Do they portend a compression of morbidity?  International Journal of Population Studies. 1(1): 4-18.

Zimmer Z, Rada C and Stoica C.  2014.  Migration, location and provision of support to older parents: The case of Romania.  International Journal of Population Ageing.7(3): 161-184. doi: 10.1007/s12062-014-9101-z.

Zimmer Z, Fang X and Tang Z.  2014.  Fifteen-year disability trends among older persons in the Beijing municipality of China. Journal of Aging and Health. 26(2): 207-230. doi: 10.1177/089826431351360.

Zimmer Z and Das S.  2014.  The poorest of the poor: Composition and wealth of older person households in sub-Saharan Africa.  Research on Aging. 36(3): 271-296. doi: 10.1177/016402751348589.

Zimmer Z, Martin L, Jones B and Nagin D.  2014.  Examining late-life functional limitation trajectories and their associations with underlying onset, recovery, and mortality.  Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 69(2): 275-286. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt099.

Zimmer Z and the CRUMP Research Team. 2012.  Migration in Cambodia: Report of the Cambodian Rural-Urban Migration Project (CRUMP). Phnom Penh, Cambodia: Ministry of Planning, Government of Cambodia. Download available at:

Zimmer Z and Korinek K.  2010.  Shifting coresidence near the end of life: Comparing decedents and survivors of a follow-up study in China. Demography.  47(3): 537-554. doi: 10.1353/dem.0.0116.

Zimmer Z.  2009.  Household composition among elders in Sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS.  Journal of Marriage and the Family. 71(4): 1086-1099. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00654.x.

Zimmer Z.  2008.  Poverty, wealth inequality and health among older adults in rural Cambodia.  Social Science and Medicine. 66(1): 57-71. doi: org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.08.032.

Zimmer Z, Kaneda T and Spess L.  2007.  An examination of urban versus rural mortality in China using community and individual level data.  Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences. 62(5): 349-357.

Zimmer Z, Knodel J, Kim K and Puch S.  2006.  The impact of past conflicts and social disruption in Cambodia on the current generation of older adults.  Population and Development Review. 32(2): 333-360. (Revised version published in Susan McDaniel (ed.). 2008. Ageing.  Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications.) doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2006.00122.x.

Zimmer Z and House J.  2003.  Education, income and functional limitation transitions among American adults: Contrasting onset and progression.  International Journal of Epidemiology. 32(6): 1089-1097. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyg254.

Zimmer Z and Kwong J.  2003.  Family size and support of older adults in urban and rural China: Current effects and future implications.  Demography. 40(1): 23-44. doi:10.1353/dem.2003.0010.

Select Conference Presentations & Posters

Zimmer Z, Zajacova A and Grol-Prokopczyk H. Trends in the Prevalence of Pain among Adults Aged 50+ across Europe, 2004 to 2015. Joint SHARE User Conference and Budapest Pension Seminar, Budapest, Hungary, September 19, 2019.

Zimmer Z and Treleaven E. The Rise and Prominence of Skip-Generation Households in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of American (PAA). Austin, TX, USA, April 12, 2019.

Zajacova A and Zimmer ZThe rising pain prevalence among US and Canadian adults: A comparative study. Annual Meeting of REVES (The International Network on Health Expectancy and the Disability Process).  Ann Arbor, MI, USA, May 31, 2018.

Zajacova A and Zimmer Z. The Rising Pain Prevalence Among Midlife Americans: How Steep, for Whom, and Why? Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Denver, CO, April 28, 2018.

Zimmer Z. Trends in Pain Prevalence among Older Adults in the United States: 1992 to 2012. IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics. San Francisco, USA, July 25, 2017.

Zimmer Z, Bao L, Perez TLL, Chen F, Mayol N and Duazo P. Functional limitation trajectories and determinants across mid-life among a high fertility chohort: findings from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Annual Meeting of REVES (The International Network on Health Expectancy and the Disability Process).  Vienna, Austria, June 8, 2016.

Zimmer Z, Bao L, Chen F, Mayol NL, Perez TLL and Duazo P. 2016. Mid-life patterns in functional limitation and their earlier-life determinants among a high fertility cohort of women in the Philippines. Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Washington, DC, March 31, 2016.

Rubin S and Zimmer Z. 2015. Pain and self-assessed health: does the association vary across the life course? Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, San Diego, CA, April 30, 2015.

Zimmer Z and Gu D. Life expectancy in co-resident states among oldest-old Chinese: an alternative application of IMach.